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Nov 27

Scientific Report 2018

 

SCIENTIFIC REPORT

concerning the implementation of the project PN-III-P4-ID-PCE-2016-0279 during January – December 2018


 

           A. Common scientific objectives:

        1. The International Symposium “Advances in Ancient Black Sea Studies: Scholarly Traditions & Preservation of Cultural Heritage”, – as key intermediary activity (according to the project proposal) meant to contribute to the successful development of the project –, organized between the 20th and 24th of August; the symposium was attended by all the team members, as well as by some specialist whom are not part of the project. The main goal of this activity was to report the results of the research, results obtained up to the first half of the 2018 phase, to report the objectives undertaken by the project, with the subsequent publishing of the presented papers in a collective volume. Through the organisation of the reunion from Constanța (in partnership with the Museum of National History and Archaeology Constanța) it was intended to raise the awareness at a national and international level regarding the level of the undertaken results, this was done by involving a great number of national and international researchers. The expected impact, at a national and international level, of the undertaken results was increased also due to the collaboration with the members of the project PN-III-P4-ID-PCE-2016-0737 Preservation by Development of Sustainable Strategies for a Better Protection of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites from Romania (Project Leader: Sergiu Musteaţă).

        Through the attendance of the symposium by 63 researchers, from the country and from abroad (most of them being specialists with international notoriety) who presented 45 papers, we believe that the undertaken objectives for 2018 were successfully fulfilled. At the same time, we used this opportunity to maintain and develop an important network of specialists interested in the issues regarding the ancient Black Sea, network created in the previous years with the implementation of the project PN-II-ID-PCE-2011-3-0054 (The external relations of the Greek Pontic cities in the Hellenistic and Roman times: a multidisciplinary approach).

       Regarding the precise contribution of the team members to the symposium we will come back in the subsequent paragraphs of the present report. Here we enlist (in the order and according to the institutional affiliation from the event’s programme) only the referees whom are not part of the project, in order to offer an idea regarding the network mentioned above: Prof. Dr. François de Callataÿ (Royal Library of Belgium); Asist. Prof. Dr. Mădălina Dana (University Paris 1-Panthéon Sorbonne); Dr. Alla Bujskikh (Institute of Archaeology, Kiev); Prof. Dr. Michael A. Speidel (Universities of Warsaw and Zürich); Prof. Dr. David Braund (University of Exeter); Prof. Dr. Askold Ivantchik (Institute of World History, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow / Institute Ausonius, CNRS, Bordeaux); Prof. Dr. Vakhtang Licheli (Tbilisi State University); Dr. Thibaut Castelli (University Paris Nanterre); Dr. Gabriel Talmațchi (Museum of National History and Archaeology, Constanţa); Dr. Emanuel Petac (Library of the Romanian Academy, Numismatic Department, Bucharest); Dr. Dorel Paraschiv (Eco-Museal Research Institute, Tulcea); Dr. Mihaela Iacob (Eco-Museal Research Institute, Tulcea); Dr. Costel Chiriac (Institute of Archaeology, Iaşi); Dr. Amiran Kakhidze (Batumi Archaeological Museum); Dr. Emzar Kakhidze (Batumi State University); Dr. Ulrike Peter (Berlin-Brand. Akademie der Wissenschaften); Prof. Dr. Vladimir Stolba (Berlin-Brand. Akademie der Wissenschaften); Prof. Dr. Johannes Nollé (DAI Munich); Dr. Gabriel Custurea (Museum of National History and Archaeology, Constanţa); Dr. Irina Sodoleanu-Nastasi (Museum of National History and Archaeology, Constanţa); Prof. Dr. Jochen Fornasier (Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main); Asist. Prof. Dr. Marta Oller Guzmán (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona); Prof. Dr. Tassilo Schmitt (Universität Bremen); PhD student Jean Coert (Freie Universität Berlin); Prof. Dr. Irene Polinskaya (King’s College London); Prof. Dr. Alexandru Avram (Le Mans University/ Vasile Pârvan Institute of Archaeology Bucharest); Dr. Maria Bărbulescu (Museum of National History and Archaeology, Constanţa); Dr. Livia Buzoianu (Museum of National History and Archaeology, Constanţa); Dr. Udo Schlotzhauer, (DAI Eurasia-Department, Berlin); Dr. Denis Zhuravlev (State Historical Museum, Moscow); Dr. Nikolay Sudarev (Institute of Archeology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow); Dr. Marina Vakhtina (Institute for History of Material Culture, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg); Dr. Mayya Kashuba (Institute for History of Material Culture, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg); Prof. Dr. Viktor Kopylov (Institute of Archaeology, RAS, Rostov-on-Don); Dr. Nadezhda Andrianova (Institute of Archaeology, RAS, Rostov-on-Don); Dr. Valentina Mordvintseva (Institute of World History, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow); Dr. Mikhail Treister (DAI Zentrale, Berlin); PhD student Jorge Tello Benedicto (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona); Dr. Dan Aparaschivei (Institute of Archaeology, Iaşi); Dr. Sergei Bocharov (Kazan Federal University); Prof. Dr. Ramil Khayrutdinov (Kazan Federal University); Prof. Dr. Airat Sitdikov (Institute of Archaeology of the Academy of Sciences of Tatarstan Republic / Kazan Federal University); Asist. Prof. Dr. Ioan Opriş (University of Bucharest); Prof. Dr. Sergiu Musteaţă (Institute of Archaeology, Iaşi); Dr. Sorin Marcel Colesniuc Museum of National History and Archaeology, Constanţa); Dr. Robert Constantin Callatis Museum, Mangalia); Dr. Mihai Ionescu (Callatis Museum, Mangalia); Dr. Laurenţiu Radu (Callatis Museum, Mangalia); Dr. Constantin Chera (Museum of National History and Archaeology, Constanţa, Constanţa); PhD student Cătălin Dobrinescu (Museum of National History and Archaeology, Constanţa); PhD student Tiberiu Potârniche (Museum of National History and Archaeology, Constanţa); PhD student Vitalie Bodolică (Museum of National History and Archaeology, Constanţa); PhD student Mircea Popa (Museum of National History and Archaeology, Constanţa); Prof. Dr. Yuri Vinogradov (Institute of History of Material Culture, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg); Dr. Sever-Petru Boțan (Institute of Archaeology, Iaşi); Dr. Ștefan Honcu (Institute of Archaeology, Iaşi).

       On this occasion 60 portfolios have been produced, along with the printed program and the brochure comprising the summaries of the papers (60 copies x 60 pages), these can be found in an electronic format at the following address: https://bibliographiaclassica.ro/en/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2018/05/Conference-brochure-Constanta-2018.pdf. We would like to draw attention to the fact that the successful outcome of the activity also implied an intensive correspondence, during more than a year, with the above-mentioned specialists, and with many more, whom, for various reasons, could not accept our invitation. Besides the leader of the project, Victor Cojocaru, all of the team members: Lavinia Grumeza, Lucian Munteanu, Ligia Ruscu, Dan Ruscu, Annamária-Izabella Pázsint, were involved in organising the 2018 symposium.

       2. External and internal mobilities (documentation and dissemination). 19 internal and external mobilities were conducted, having as goal to undergo the process of documentation, and to disseminate the achieved results – at the Gavrilă Simion Eco-Museal Research Institute, Tulcea (V. COJOCARU), at the Vasile Pârvan Institute of Archaeology, Bucharest (V. COJOCARU), at the Institute of Archaeology and Art History, Cluj-Napoca (L. GRUMEZA), at the Banat Museum, Timișoara, at the Arad Museum Complex and at the Museum from Oradea (L. GRUMEZA), at the Museum of National History and Archaeology Constanța (V. COJOCARU, L. RUSCU, D. RUSCU, L. GRUMEZA, L. MUNTEANU, A.-I. PÁZSINT); at the Babeș-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca (V. COJOCARU); at Războieni – Cetate (Ocna-Mureș, Alba county – L. GRUMEZA); at the Institute of Classical Studies, London/England (A.-I. PÁZSINT); at the Rheinisches Landesmuseum, Trier/Germany and at the Ludwig Maximilians-Universität München, (V. COJOCARU); at the Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg/Russia (V. COJOCARU). The exact dates, as well as the scientific reports and the activity sheets corresponding to the mobilities, are to be found in the record sheet uploaded on the online platform, but they are also available in a print format, in the project’s folder, kept at the Romanian Academy, Iași Branch.

        3. Papers presented at national and international reunions (dissemination). 12 papers related to the objectives of the project were presented by the team members, at the following conferences: the International Symposium „Advances in Ancient Black Sea Studies: Scholarly Traditions & Preservation of Cultural Heritage”, Constanţa/Romania, 20-24 August (L. RUSCU: The Coming of Rome and the Changes in the Religious Life of the Greek Cities Around the Black Sea, V. COJOCARU: BCOSPE I-III. Einige Überlegungen zum Beitrag der russischen, sowjetischen und postsowjetischen Schulen, L. MUNTEANU: Ars, res sacrae & mythologica on the Coins of the Bosporan Kingdom. A General Survey, L. GRUMEZA: Res sacrae Sarmatarum: Funerary Rituals in the Crimean Peninsula. A survey of Recent Literature, A.-I. PÁZSINT: Cult Associations in the Black Sea Area: A Comparative Study (3rd Century BC – 3rd Century AD), D. RUSCU: The Black Sea in the Historical Writings of Late Antiquity); the International Symposium “IV International Numismatic Congress”, Brașov/Romania, 11-13 October (L. MUNTEANU: Roman silver beyond the limes. On the chronology of Roman imperial coin hoards discovered in the Eastern Carpathian Barbaricum); the International Symposium “Archaeology of the Black Sea in the new light”, Halle/Germania, 22-23 November (V. COJOCARU: BCOSPE II als ein möglicher Weg der Zusammenarbeit zwischen West und Ost bei der Untersuchung der Griechen und ihren Nachbarn am Rande der Steppe); the International Symposium „Bosporan Phenomenon: the General and the Specific in Historical and Cultural Realities of Classical Antiquity”, St. Petersburg/Russia, 27-30 November (V. COJOCARU & L. GRUMEZA: Bosporan Kingdom and Its Antiquities in the BCOSPE Project); the National Symposium “Cercetări arheologice desfășurate de Institutul de Arheologie Iași. Campania 2018”, Iași/Romania, 2 November (L. MUNTEANU: Cercetări arheologice în mediul rural al cetății Ibida. Așezarea din punctul „Fântâna Seacă” – campania 2018 [in collaboration with Șt. Honcu]; L. GRUMEZA: Sondajul arheologic realizat în castrul alei I Batavorum miliaria de la Războieni – Cetate. Campania 2018 [in collaboration with: G. Bounegru et al.]); L. GRUMEZA: O lume barbară situată între trei provincii romane: rezultate ale cercetării preventive la vest de provincia Dacia (conference held at the Institute of Archaeology, Iaşi, 22 February 2018).

          4. Publications (dissemination). The results of our research were disseminated through the publication of a volume (V. COJOCARU: Bibliographia classica orae septentrionalis Ponti Euxini. II. Archaeologica, Mega: Cluj-Napoca, 1028 p. + 1 CD-ROM [Pontica et Mediterranea VII] https://www.academia.edu/ 37514580/BCOSPE_II.pdf), volume to which the team members L. RUSCU and L. GRUMEZA also contributed, as co-editors. At the same time 14 studies and articles were published or accepted for publication in BDI journals and collective volumes published at national and international printing houses: V. COJOCARU: Réflexions sur quelques traits particuliers du corps civique dans les Cités Nord-Pontiques, in Eudaimón. Studies in Honor of Jan Bouzek, ed. by P. Pavúk et al., Praga 2018, p. 491-509 (in collaboration with M. Oller Guzmán); V. COJOCARU: Connections between the Crimea and the Pontic and Mediterranean regions based on antique monuments of lapidar epigraphic (focusing on the proxenia decrees), in Crimean Scythia in a system of cultural relations between East and West (3rd century BC to the 7th century AD): collective monograph, ed. by A. Ivantchik & V. Mordvintseva, Moscow – Simferopol 2018, p. 303-304 (maps), 335-349 (text), 391-439 (bibliography) [in Russian, with an English abstract]; L. GRUMEZA: Stamped Hispanic Amphorae from Roman Dacia, in Rei Cretariae Romane Fautores Acta 45 (Bonn), p. 559-565; A.-I. PÁZSINT: Cult Associations on the Northern Shore of the Black Sea: Three Centuries of Research, in Studia Antiqua et Archaeologica 24.2, 2018, p. 303-319; L. MUNTEANU: Noi informații despre tezaurul de la Fedești (com. Șuletea, jud. Vaslui), in Acta Musei Tutovensis 15, 2018, p. 209-220 (in collaboration with G. Talmațchi); V. COJOCARU: Some Remarks on proxenia in the Black Sea Area, în Причерноморье в античное и раннесредневековое время, ed. by A. Kovalenko, Rostov-on-Don 2018 [in print]; V. COJOCARU: Die Proxenie als Instrument der „Aussenpolitik“ im Kontext der auswärtigen Beziehungen pontischer Staaten, în ACSS 24 (2018) [in print]; V. COJOCARU & L. GRUMEZA: Bosporan Kingdom and Its Antiquities in the BCOSPE Project, in: Bosporan Phenomenon: the General and the Specific in Historical and Cultural Realities of Classical Antiquity [in print]; L. GRUMEZA: Fashion by rituals: rosette glass beads found in Sarmatian and Sântana de Mureș-Chernyakhov cultures (1stc. BC – 4thc. AD), in ArhMold 41, 2018 [in print]; L. GRUMEZA: Corpus of the Roman Finds in the European Barbaricum. Romania 1. An Overview of the 1st c. BC – 1st c. AD, in ACSS 24 (2018) [in print]; L. MUNTEANU: Descoperiri monetare în Moldova. X, in ArhMold 41, 2018 [in print]; L. MUNTEANU: A Celtic fibula from the Institute of Archaeology in Iași collection, in Studia archaeologica in honorem magistrae Cornelia-Magda Lazarovici, ed. by S. Țurcanu, Suceava 2018 (in collaboration with Șt. Honcu) [in print]; L. MUNTEANU: Lydian seals from the western Pontic area, in Archaeology and history of Lydia from the early Lydian period to Late Antiquity, ed. by E. Lafli, Paris 2019 (in collaboration with C. Chiriac) [in print]; A.-I. PÁZSINT: The Reflection of Personal and Collective Tragedies in Ancient Sources. 1. Personal Tragedies in Roman Epigraphy, in JAHA 5.4, 2018 (in collaboration with R. Varga) [in print]; A.-I. PÁZSINT, book review: K. Verboven & Chr. Laes (ed.), Work, Labour, and Professions in the Roman World, Leiden – Boston 2016, in Studia Historia Universitatis Babeş-Bolyai 2018 [in print].

        More information corresponding to the published and/or in print works are available on the web page of the project (https://bibliographiaclassica.ro, category „Publications”). We mention the fact that all the reported publications include the name of the financing authority, and the financial contract number, as follows: „This work was supported by a grant of the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research, CNCS – UEFISCDI, project number PN-III-P4-ID-PCE-2016-0279”. For details about the editing and printing of the brochure, with the program of the international symposium and the papers’ summaries see above, point A.1.

   5. Web page (dissemination). The project’s web page was continuously updated (address: https://bibliographiaclassica.ro), and it can be accessed both in Romanian and English. As such, new information was added regularly, detailed information (description and attachment) regarding the events organised inside the project, but also regarding the activity of the team members, their attendance of various scientific activities and the relevant editorial publications. The web page was built on a WordPress platform. The site contains information regarding the project (title, acronym, code, financing authority, members, contact), and a short presentation of it, with its objectives and expected results, as well as more information on the relevant activities carried out. The address of the page can be accessed through the well-established research engines (Google, Yahoo, Ask, Bing, Duck Duck Go, Yippy, Dogpile, Yandex, The Internet Archive etc.). Responsible for the update of the project’s web page is L. MUNTEANU. Based on the installed plug-in, which monitors the site’s traffic, more precisely the number of visitors, at the moment of the report the web page was accessed over 17000 times.

             B. Individual scientific objectives (we briefly present the extent to which the proposed objectives were fulfilled. We mention the fact that in this respect more details are available on the project’s webpage, where one can find the list of publications, the program, and the summaries of the international symposium mentioned at A.1).

     1. The systematic collection, translation into German, and brief comment of over 11000 titles (1028 p.) corresponding to the Bibliographia classica orae septentrionalis Ponti Euxini thematic, which has the following structure: A.1. Reports and archaeological notes; A.2. Analyses, Methods, Questions; A.3. Varia archaeologica; B.1. Corse ware; B.2. Fine ware; B.3. Amphorae; B.4. Lamps; B.5. Varia ceramica; C.1. Clothing and Toiletry artefacts; C.2. Metal ware; C.3. Glassware; C.4. Weapons, military equipment, harness ornaments; C.5. Tools; C.6. Varia; D. Shops, crafts, manufacture techniques, commerce. V. COJOCARU is the main member responsible for the systematisation of the information, and for the German translation. L. RUSCU is responsible for verifying the German translations. L. GRUMEZA provided assistance to the project leader in accessing the newer publications. Regarding this objective, a volume was published, while three studies and three papers were presented at international conferences.

        2. The identification of the interconnectivities that bound the different Pontic regions, in the light of the transition from late Roman Paganism to early Byzantine Christianity. This phase will be achieved based on the bibliographical data systematized up to present. Responsible for this objective is D. RUSCU. As deliverable for this objective we have a study in print, and a paper presented at the International Symposium mentioned at A1.

        3. The study of the Iranian population (especially the Sarmatians) from the north and north-western area of the Black Sea, and their relations with the Greek cities, in the light of the art, religion, rite, and funerary ritual. Responsible for this objective is L. GRUMEZA. Two studies have been published, and two papers were presented at international scientific reunions (see above, A.1 and A.3).

      4. The identification of the interconnectivities that bound the different Pontic regions, in the light of the numismatic researches, with a special focus on the art, religion and mythology from the north of the Black Sea. This phase will be achieved based on the bibliographical data systematized up to present. Responsible for this project is L. MUNTEANU. Two studies have been published, and three papers were presented at national and international scientific reunions (see above, A.1 and A.3).

        5. The preparation of a comprehensive study on art and religion in the light of the cult associations from the Black Sea area during the Greco-Roman times, based on the epigraphic sources and on the secondary literature. Responsible for this project is A.-I. PÁZSINT. As deliverable for this objective we have a paper presented at the International Symposium mentioned at A1. as well as an article and a book review (see above A.4). In this stage of the project, the research focused on two main directions: a) pinpointing of the key historiographical moments, and b) contextualising the topic. In order to attain the first goal, an article which discusses the historiography of the research regarding the private associations from the north of the Black Sea was written. In order to attain the second objective a paper was presented at the International Symposium Advances in Ancient Black Sea Studies: Scholarly Traditions & Preservation of Cultural Heritage (Constanța, 20-24 August 2018), paper which sets the necessary premises for the completion of the introductive study.

        To conclude, we consider that by fulfilling the proposed objectives for the 2018 phase, we made other steps in achieving the main goal of our project – the publication of an exhaustive bibliography regarding the art, religion and mythology in the regions north of the Black Sea (jointly with the transition of the database to an online format), which will contribute to the intensification of the collaboration and of the dialogue between the experts from the East and West who are interested in Ancient Black Sea studies. By organising the International Symposium „Advances in Ancient Black Sea Studies: Scholarly Traditions & Preservation of Cultural Heritage” and by publishing the volume BCOSPE II, we believe that we succeeded in increasing the visibility of our current scientific results at an international level. For more information regarding the proposed objectives and the activities of the PN-III-P4-ID-PCE-2016-0279 project, please see the web page https://bibliographiaclassica.ro.

 

                                              Project Leader,

Dr. Victor Cojocaru