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Dec 09

Scientific Report 2017

 

SCIENTIFIC REPORT
concerning the implementation of the project PN-III-P4-ID-PCE-2016-0279 during July-December 2017

 

          A. Common scientific objectives:

   1. The International Workshop “Advances in Ancient Black Sea Studies: Methodo­logical Innovation, Interdisciplinary Perspectives and International Cooperation”, as a key intermediary activity (according to the proposed research plan) which was meant to contribute to the successful development of the project; the workshop was organized in Iași, between the 16th and the 19th of July, in collaboration with the University of Waterloo ON/Canada; it was attended by all the members of the team, and by some specialists whom are not part of the project. The goal of this reunion was to discuss the methodological issues, the concepts used, the sources’ state of research, but also to finalize the strategy needed for successfully implementing the project’s proposed activities, in correlation with the specific objectives. Through the partaking to the scientific reunion of 14 researchers, from Romania and abroad, most of them being internationally renowned specialists, we consider that the objectives we have undertaken for the 2017 phase of the project have been successfully achieved. At the same time, we have used this opportunity to maintain and develop an important network of specialists interested in issues regarding the Ancient Black Sea, network which was created in the previous years, along with the implementation of the project PN-II-ID-PCE-2011-3-0054 (www.ponticgreekcities.ro). Regarding the specific contribution of each team member to the workshop, we will come back in the subsequent paragraphs of the present report. At this point we only mention the participants from the outside of the project, with their institutional affiliation, in order to provide an idea on the network we previously mentioned: Associate Professor Altay Coşkun (University of Waterloo ON/Canada); dr. Thibaut Castelli (Université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense/France); Associate Professor Marta Oller Guzmán (Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona/Spain); Professor Tassilo Schmitt (Universität Bremen/Germany); dr. Gabriel Talmaţchi (Museum of National History and Archaeology Constanţa/Romania); PhD Candidate Germain Payen (La Sorbonne, Paris/France & University of Waterloo, Ontario/Canada); Professor Luis Ballesteros Pastor (Universidad de Sevilla/Spain); Associate Professor Hugh Elton (Trent University, Peterborough ON/Canada). On this occasion 15 portfolios have been produced, along with the printed program and the brochure comprising the summaries of the papers (20 copies x 20 pages), these can be found in an electronic format at the following address: https://bibliographiaclassica.ro/ international-workshop/. We would like to draw attention to the fact that the successful outcome of the activity also implied an intensive correspondence, in the first half of the year 2017, with the above mentioned specialists, and with many more, whom, for various reasons, could not accept our invitation. Besides the leader of the project, Victor Cojocaru, all of the members of the team: Lavinia Grumeza, Lucian Munteanu, Ligia Ruscu, Dan Ruscu, Annamária-Izabella Pázsint, were involved in organising the workshop. Moreover, the discussions carried out during the 2017 phase of the project lead to collaboration with the team-members of another Ideas project, collaboration that is meant to increase the national and international impact of our project’s results. We are referring to the project PN-III-P4-ID-PCE-2016-0737 Preservation by Development of Sustainable Strategies for a Better Protection of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites from Romania (Project Leader: Sergiu Musteaţă); the discussions carried out between the members of the two teams lead to the idea of jointly organising an international symposium in August 2018, having the following title: „Advances in Ancient Black Sea Studies: Scholarly Traditions & Preservation of Cultural Heritage”.

   2. External and internal mobilities (documentation and dissemination). 15 internal and external mobilities were conducted, having as goal to undergo the process of documentation, and to disseminate the achieved results – at the Museum for National History and Archaeology of Constanța, between the 19th and 27th of July (Victor COJOCARU); at Ibida (village Slava Rusă, county Tulcea), between the 22nd of July and the 6th of August (Lucian MUNTEANU); at the Institute of Archaeology „Vasile Pârvan” Bucharest, between the 7th and 14th of August (Victor COJOCARU); at the National Museum of Transylvanian History, Cluj-Napoca, and at the Museum Arad, between the 24th and the 31st of August (Lavinia GRUMEZA); at the National Museum of Eastern Carpathians, Sf. Gheorghe, between the 17th and the 19th of September (Victor COJOCARU); at the Institute of World History of the Russian Academy of Sciences – Moscow/Russia, and at the Tauric Chersonesos Archaeological Complex – Sevastopol/Crimea, between the 28th of September and the 15th of October (Victor COJOCARU, Lavinia GRUMEZA); at The Commission for Ancient History and Epigraphy of the German Archaeological Institute in Munich, Munich/Germany, between the 20th and 31st of October (Ligia RUSCU, Dan RUSCU); at The Trier Landesmuseum, Trier/Germany, between the 25th of October and the 12th of November (Victor COJOCARU); at The Romano-Germanic Central Museum, Mainz/Germany, between the 1st and the 12th of November (Lavinia GRUMEZA); at the Faculty of History and Philosophy, Babeș-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, between the 24th and the 28th of November (Victor COJOCARU). Other three motilities will be conducted by the members of the team (Ligia RUSCU, Annamária-Izabella PÁZSINT, Dan RUSCU) on the occasion of the aforementioned international workshop, see point A.1. The exact dates, as well as the scientific reports and the activity sheets corresponding to the mobilities, are to be found in the record sheet uploaded on the online platform, but they are also available in a print format, in the project’s folder, kept at the Romanian Academy, Iași Branch.

   3. Papers presented at national and international reunions (dissemination). 12 papers related to the objectives of the project were presented by the members of the team, at the following conferences: the International Workshop „Advances in Ancient Black Sea Studies: Methodological Innovation, Interdisciplinary Perspectives and International Cooperation”, Iaşi/Romania, 16th-19th of July (Victor COJOCARU: BCOSPE III. Ars, Res Sacrae & Mythologica: Some Considerations on a New Research Project, Ligia RUSCU: Religion around the Black Sea: A Survey of Recent Literature, Lavinia GRUMEZA: From the North Pontic Traditions to the Roman Imports and Baltic Amber: Sarmatian Barbaricum as Endless Contact Zone of Antiquity, Lucian MUNTEANU: The Integration of the “Barbarian” World into the Greek Civilization through West Pontic Coinage: A Multidisciplinary Approach [in collaboration with G. Talmaţchi], Dan RUSCU: Christianity and the Transformation of Some Pontic Cities in Late Antiquity, Annamária-Izabella PÁZSINT: Ancient Population Studies within the Framework of Social Network Analysis. A Case Study); the International Symposium “Contact zones of Europe from the 3rd mill. BC to the 1st mill. AD”, Moscow/Russia, 28th of September – 3rd of October (Victor COJOCARU: Die Proxenie als Instrument der Aussenpolitik im Kontext der auswärtigen Beziehungen pontischer Staaten, Lavinia GRUMEZA: CRFB R1. Trade, gifts and long-distance contacts in ‘Sarmatian’ Barbaricum, West of Roman Dacia); at the International Numismatic Symposium, Chișinău/Republica Moldova, 4th-5th of October (Lucian MUNTEANU: Tezaurul monetar descoperit la Vânători, jud. Vrancea [in collaboration with S. P. Boțan and A.-E. Apostu]); at the National Symposium “Cercetări arheologice desfășurate de Institutul de Arheologie Iași. Campania 2017”, Iași/Romania, 6th of October (Lucian MUNTEANU: Despre un tezaur monetar antic recent descoperit în sudul Moldovei [in collaboration with S. P. Boțan and A.-E. Apostu]); at the International Symposium „Archon 2017. Ancient Relics of Chersonese: Openings to Notions”, Sevastopol/Crimea, 8th-14th of October (Victor COJOCARU & Lavinia GRUMEZA: Chersonesus and its antiquities in the BCOSPE project). At the National Workshop “Scythia. Relaţiile economice şi comerciale ale provinciei cu lumea romană”, Tulcea, 24th-28th of October (Lucian MUNTEANU: Ceramica romano-bizantină din așezarea rurală de la Ibida – “Fântâna Seacă” [in collaboration with Șt. Honcu]).

   4. Publications (dissemination). The results of our research were disseminated through the publication of fife articles in BDI journals from Romania, and in collective volumes published at foreign publishing houses: Victor COJOCARU & Lavinia GRUMEZA: BCOSPE III. Ars, res sacrae & mythologica: Some considerations about a new research project, in: Pontica 50 (Constanţa 2016 [2017]), p. 505–517; Lavinia GRUMEZA: „Archäologie zwischen Römern und Barbaren”. Some remarks on a recently issued volume of studies, in: Arheologia Moldovei 40 (2017), p. 241–257; Victor COJOCARU: Die Proxenie als Instrument der Aussenpolitik im Kontext der auswärtigen Beziehungen pontischer Staaten, in: Contact zones of Europe from the 3rd mill. BC to the 1st mill. AD, ed. by Institute of World History, Russian Academy of Sciences, (Moscow 2017), p. 8–12; Victor COJOCARU & Lavinia GRUMEZA: Chersonesus and its antiquities in the BCOSPE project, in: Ancient Relics of Chersonese: Openings to Notions, ed. by D.A. Kostromichev, (Sevastopol 2017), p. 111–113; Lavinia GRUMEZA: CRFB R1. Trade, Gifts and Long-Distance Contacts in ‘Sarmatian’ Barbaricum, West of Roman Dacia, in: Contact zones of Europe from the 3rd mill. BC to the 1st mill. AD, ed. by Institute of World History, Russian Academy of Sciences, (Moscow 2017), 41–43. A review to a collective work has also been published (Victor COJOCARU) „Seleukid Royal Women. Creation, Representation and Distorsion of Hellenistic Queenship in the Seleukid Empire”, ed. by A. Coşkun and A. McAuley, Franz Steiner Verlag: Stuttgart 2016, in Arheologia Moldovei 40 (2017), p. 320–322. Other six studies, written during the project are in print. More information corresponding to the published and/or in print works are available on the web page of the project (https://bibliographiaclassica.ro, category „Publications”). We mention the fact that all the reported publications include the name of the financing authority, and the financial contract number, as follows: „This work was supported by a grant of the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research, CNCS – UEFISCDI, project number PN-III-P4-ID-PCE-2016-0279”. For details about the editing and printing of the brochure, with the program of the international symposium and the papers’ summaries see above, point A.1.

   5. Web page (dissemination). The project’s web page has been launched (address: https://bibliographiaclassica.ro), and it is available in Romanian and English. It was built on a WordPress platform. The site contains information regarding the project (title, acronym, code, financing authority, members, contact), and a short presentation of it, with its objectives and expected results, as well as more information on the relevant activities carried out. The address of the page can be accessed through the well-established research engines (Google, Yahoo, Ask, Bing, Duck Duck Go, Yippy, Dogpile, Yandex, The Internet Archive etc.). The site’s menu is structured as follows: First Page – About the Project – The Team (Victor Cojocaru, Ligia-Cristina Ruscu, Dan Ruscu, Lavinia Grumeza, Lucian Munteanu, Annamária-Izabella Pázsint) – Publications – Activities (International Workshop 2017) – Scientific Reports – News&Events – Contact. Each page is bilingual, comprising specific information in Romanian and English. Responsible for updating the web page of the project is Lucian MUNTEANU. We intend to: expand the access to the site from at least 10 other research engines (such as AltaVista, Infoseek, Coozilla, Dogpile, Lycos, Metager, Mamma etc.) and to index the address of the site on specialised and well-known web-pages (such as: arheo.ro, antichitate.myforum.ro, roman. yapoga.com, sistem.acadiasi.ro, uaic.ro, www.vebidoo.de, www.yasni.fr, en.cyclopaedia.net, spartokos.wordpress.com, etc.); each menu, and sub-menu will be constantly updated; moreover a plug-in will be installed in order to monitor the site’s traffic, which in its turn will allow us to quantify and analyse the page’s views’, and the number of visitors.

          B. Individual scientific objectives (we briefly present the extent to which the proposed objectives were fulfilled). We mention the fact that in this respect more details are available on the project’s webpage, where one can find the list of publications, the program, and the summaries of the international workshop mentioned at the point A.1, as well as information for the planned 2018 phase).

   1. The systematic collection, translation into German, and brief comment of around 7000 titles (around 750 p.), titles corresponding to the Bibliographia classica orae septentrionalis Ponti Euxini thematic, and following the structure: A.1. Reports and archaeological notes (3000 titles, 210 p.), A.2. The analysis and restoration of the archaeological artefacts (175 titles, 19 p.), A.3. Theoretical archaeology, methodology (395 titles 35 p.), A.4. Varia archaeologica (1500 titles, 130 p.), B.1. Corse ware (235 titles, 25 p.), B.2. Fine ware (608 titles, 55 p.), B.3. Amphorae (212 titles, 27 p.), B.4. Lamps (67 titles, 9 p.), Varia ceramica (145 titles, 17 p.), C.1. Jewellery, clothing and toiletry objects (307 titles, 28 p.), C.2. Metal ware (59 titles, 10 p.), C.3. Glassware (96 titles, 11 p.), C.4. Weapons, military equipment, harness ornaments (165 titles, 16 p.), C.5. Tools (25 titles, 3 p.), C.6. Varia (270 titles, 21 p.), D. Shops, crafts, manufacture techniques, commerce (500 titles 37 p.). Victor COJOCARU is the main member responsible for the systematisation of the information, and for the German translation. Ligia RUSCU is responsible for verifying the German translations. The other team members provided assistance to the team leader in accessing the newer publications. Regarding this objective, two studies have been published, as well as a review, and two papers were presented at international scientific reunions. In progress is a volume (Victor COJOCARU, which will be sent for publishing during the 2018 phase of the project).

   2. The identification of the interconnectivities that bound the different Pontic regions, in the light of the transition from late Roman Paganism to early Byzantine Christianity. This phase will be achieved based on the bibliographical data systematized up to present. Responsible for this objective is Dan RUSCU. As deliverable for this objective we have a paper presented at the International workshop mentioned at the A1 point.

   3. The study of the Iranian population (especially the Sarmatians) from the north and north-western area of the Black Sea, and their relations with the Greek cities, in the light of the art, religion, rite, and funerary ritual. Responsible for this objective is Lavinia GRUMEZA. Two studies have been published, and two papers were presented at international scientific reunions (see above, point A.1 and A.3).

   4. The identification of the interconnectivities that bound the different Pontic regions, in the light of the numismatic researches, with a special focus on the art, religion and mythology from the north of the Black Sea. This phase will be achieved based on the bibliographical data systematized up to present. Responsible for this project is Lucian MUNTEANU. One paper was presented at the international workshop mentioned at A.1, and other three papers were presented at national and international scientific reunions (see above, point A.3).

   5. The preparation of a comprehensive study on art and religion in the light of the cult associations from the Black Sea area during the Greco-Roman times, based on the epigraphic sources and on the secondary literature. Responsible for this project is Annamária-Izabella PÁZSINT. This aspect of the research was approached from two angles: at first, the research focused on using and testing the Social Network Analysis (SNA), applied to our specific sample. As deliverable for this approach we have a paper presented at the international workshop mention at A1. The second approach, under way, regards the preparation of a study concerning the evolution of the historiography corresponding to the cult associations from the northern shore of the Black Sea, which comprises also a discussion on some relevant inscriptions. The next phase of the research will imply the historical contextualisation of the associative phenomenon from the area of our interest, which will also be correlated with the two scientific components already valued.

       To conclude, we consider that by fulfilling the proposed objectives for the 2017 phase, we made the first steps in achieving the main goal of our project – the publication of an exhaustive bibliography regarding the art, religion and mythology in the regions north of the Black Sea (jointly with the transition of the database to an online format), which will contribute to the intensification of the collaboration and of the dialogue between the experts from the East and West who are interested in Ancient Black Sea studies. By organising the international workshop „Advances in Ancient Black Sea Studies: Methodological Innovation, Inter­disciplinary Perspectives and International Cooperation”, we believe that we succeeded in increasing the visibility of our current scientific results at an international level. For more information regarding the proposed objectives and the activities of the PN-III-P4-ID-PCE-2016-0279 project, please see the web page https://bibliographiaclassica.ro.

 

 Project Leader,

Dr. Victor Cojocaru